The Bhumihar Brahmins

Pandit Jamuna Karzee :
April 3, 2006, 9:22 pm
Filed under: Uncategorized
Pandit Jamuna Karjee was born in a small village name Deopar near Pusa in Darbhanga District of Bihar in 1898. His father Anu Karjee was a marginal farmer who died when Jamuna Karjee was just 6 months old. He grew up under the loving care and guardianship of his mother.
For attending his primary and middle school classes, he had to walk daily to a nearby village Digrah about 6 km. from his home. He was a brilliant student and won a scholarship for his education in North Brooke Jila School at Darbhanga.
From his school days itself, he was drawn towards India’s freedom struggle and the Kisan Movement and Peasant movement under Swami Sehganandji Saraswati’s leadership. For higher studies he went to the Presidency College, Calcutta, and also obtained a degree in Law.
In Calcutta he came in contact with several freedom fighters and Congress leaders like Dr. B.C. Roy, Dr. Shri Krishan Sinha, Rahul Sankritayan etc. Spurning the offers of several government jobs, he became a Hindi journalist of repute.
He joined the editorial wing of Hindi weekly Bharat Mirtra published in Calcutta. He also took part in Gandhiji’s non cooperation movement from 1920-21 and was jailed in 1929-30 for taking part in civil disobedience movement and Namak Satyagrah.
He won the first election for Bihar and Orissa Assembly in 1937 as a Congress candidate. He was one of the strongest pillars of the peasant movement in Bihar under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati.
He along with Rahul Sankritayan and other Hindi literaries started publishing a Hindi weekly Humkar from Bihar, in 1940. Humkar later became the mouthpiece of the peasant movement and the agrarian movement in Bihar. He was elected to the post of President Bihar Journalist association in 1947-48.
He died of cancer in October 1953 at an early age of 55. After his untimely demise the peasant movement lost momentum in Bihar and became rudderless.
As remembered by Mahesh Kumar Karjee Son of Jamuna Karjee Retired Dy. G.M., Public Enterprise, presently a free lance writer. (There is also a reference of Jamuna Karjee in Bipan Chandra’s Book. India’s struggle for Independence . Chapter 27, ‘Peasant Movement in the 1930s and 40’s’.)

Saraswati ke Sadhak : KarmYogi & RajRishi Narayan Babu
March 29, 2006, 10:57 am
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You visit any district of BIHAR or East UP , You will find a Bhumihar Brahmin DOCTOR from GOREAKOTHI , You visit any PSU , You will find an engineer from GOREAKOTHI . In Old SARAN , It is said that GOREAKOTHI is blessed with Maa SARASWATI .

Yes , He was a visionary leader from GOREAKOTHI ( Now SIWAN) , Sri Narayan Prasad Singh who initiated the process ” Importance of EDUCATION” in his area and due to his continuous effort GOREAKOTHI is on the TOP . Born on 16th December , 1887 in a bhumihar brahmin of Gotra PARASHAR Sri Narayan Babu was a real Karmyogi & RajRishi .

He was member of First Constituent Assembly in 1937 , This Assembly was having members like Motilal Nehru & Vallabh-bhai Patel and Speaker was Viththal-Bhai Patel ( Eleder Brother of Sardar Patel ) . Once , NARAYAN Babu asked Speaker to have permission to speak on PUBLIC SAFETY BILL but in HINDI , Speaker Viththal Bhai PATEL was not permitting any HINDI SPEAKER , but NARAYAN BABU was rigid , Later on with discussion , Speaker agreed with NARAYAN BABU and NARAYAN BABU became FIRST HINDI SPEAKER in PARLIAMENT . This one story shows how much NARAYAN BABU was having love for MATRIBHASHA .
Narayan Babu was very much fluent in HINDI , ENGLISH , URDU , FARASI , BHOJPURI and later on he started a magazine YOGI in Hindi language which was continue till 1972 , even Rashtra Kavi DINKAR jee edited this magazine for many years .
He wrote a Poem for KISAN – ” BAIL – BATISHI” in which he described all good qualities of an OX , This poem is still popular in SARAN and BIHAR .
He was very much advocate of Social revolution and Women Empowerment which effect can be seen even today as his NATIVE “GOREAKOTHI” is always No 1 in producing Lady Teacher , Lady Doctor , Lady Advocate . This Village also proudly announce to have even prestigious AIIMs alumni .
He started KARMYOGI HIGH SCHOOL in GOREAKOTHI(SIWAN) in 1916 and till this date this school alumni counts 500+ doctors in last 90 years which include 5 doctors every year 🙂 and 1200 + engineers and all are alumni of this SCHOOL . Important point is that WHAT FLAG he Keep ..was spreaded among all.
People from his village says He was much affluent to this KARMYOGI HIGH SCHOOL that he made a HOSTEL and use to take everyday dinner along with School Students and Teachers . Teachers were hired from across the North India . This way he was having IMPORTANCE of Education .
He died on 14th June 1950 . The very next year his son Sri Krishna Kant Singh won election in Bihar assembly from Goreakothi and become deupty education minister in SRI BABU RAAJ . In Same Cabinet NARAYAN BABU samadhi Sri ram Charitra babu from BIHAT, Begusarai was Industy and Power minister . Narayan Babu Son in Law Sri Chandrashekhar babu was CPI leader and most honest Leader same with Narayan Babu Daughter Smt Shakuntala Sinha ( w/o Chandrashekhar Babu) was also a known figure in COMMUNIST MOVEMENT in BIhar and won many elections as MLA .
Narayan Babu eleder grand son(POTA) Sri Bumendra Narain Singh is in social service and was a winner in Feb 2005 election as MLA . While Second grand Son Dr Ramendra Narain Singh is a famous surgeon in patna with double MS degrees ( MS in Ortho and MS in General Surgery ) while third grand son Dr Gyanendra Narain Singh is leading RADIOLOGIST in PATNA , They all run prestigious TARA HOSPITAL & Research Centre .
Narayan Babu another grand son(NATI) Late PYARE BABU ( Son of Sri Chandrashekhar Babu and smt Shakuntla Sinha) was a honest Industrialist were having Industrial Units in DELHI and was a quite famous in PATNA with his brand DAFFODILs ( a Studio at Dak Bunglow) . He died in a road accident in 1997 near by MERRUT (west UP) .
Narayan Babu Elder daughter was married in the family of RAMDAYALU Singh , while second daughter Smt Seeta Singh married to son of BANARAS District Board Chairman Sri Ram Chandra Singh , Sri Ragho Sharan Singh . Smt Seeta Singh was First BHUMIHAR LADY in BIHAR to get MATRICULATION . Sri Raghao Sharan Singh son Sri Shashi Mohan Singh is an Indian Oil Officer . They live at NOIDA .
Sri S M Singh ( grandson of NARAYAN BABU ) son PRAFFUL JEE a student of WORLD MOST PRESTIGIOUS “HARWARD BUSINESS SCHOOL” ( Second BHUMIHAR in HISTORY ) . MOST ELIGIBLE BACHELOR in Bhumihar Brahmin community 🙂 .
I salute visionary NARAYAN BABU . In every Sector , We find such VISIONARY Person who initiated a PROCESS and was followed by PEOPLE which make that SECTOR / COUNTRY / STATE / VILLAGE …a GREAT place .

Bhojpuri Kokila : Padm Sri Sharda Sinha
March 10, 2006, 4:50 pm
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Born in 1953 in Hulas village in Bihar, Sharda Sinha received her training in music from Raghu Jha, Sitaram Hari Dandekar and Panna Devi. She also obtained degrees from the University of Patna and Prayag Sangeet Samiti, Allahabad. Shehas excelled as an exponent of folk music in Bhojpuri, Maithili and Magahi. Herinimitable style has won her wide popularity and recognition not only in herState but also in other parts of the country and abroad. She has a large numberof recordings to her credit. At present, she heads the Department of Music,Women’s College, Samastipur. Earlier she has received the Padma Shri.

Bettiah Raaj
March 9, 2006, 10:16 am
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Bettiah Raaj
Bettiah was the capital of the little Kingdom of Bettiah, known asBettiah Raj, one of the great estates of North Bihar. It possessed arecord room or muhafizkhana. Since 1897, the Bettiah Raj was underthe Court of Wards, a colonial institution whose function was tooversee the administration of the estates which had no male heir tosucceed. The Bettiah Raj, still has its own officials who oversee dayto day administration of its landholdings and other assets, that arenot confined to Bettiah, but are in several parts of the country.Bettiah Raj’s houses the official records of administrative and legalaffairs of the Raj for the past two hundred and fifty years or so,which are stored in two large halls having an storage space of 40,000and 72,000 cubic feet respectively, with a shelf space that is abouthalf a kilometer in length. It is in fact a rich repository of sourcematerials for the study of the agrarian and political history notonly of the Bettiah Raj, but beyond that also. The records are placedin bastas, which are individual bundles of records wrapped in cloth.The records includes rent registers and receipts, cash- books,village notes and settlement records, village maps, legal proceedingsand historical letters covering more than 200 years of history.Unfortunately, the order in which the records were classified is nowlost and most of them can only be found by sheer guess work or evenby accident!

March 9, 2006, 10:16 am
Filed under: Uncategorized
Tikari zamindari (estate), which was the biggest estateof Gayadistrict and one of the biggest of South Bihar. On account of itsbigness, it used to bementioned as Tikari Raj (kingdom). It was aboutone-fourth of size of the then Gaya district andwas paying an annualrent of 0.9 million rupees to the then British government. The estatehad anelaborate system of the assessment and collection of rent incash and kind(grains). The headquarters of the estate was in Gaya,where an Englishman used to be the Chief Manager, whowas assisted bytwo Indian managers. The whole estate was divided into 18 circles andJehanabadwas one of the circles. Below the circle used to be theKutchery, at the lavel of Mahal. EachMahal consisted of 15-20 Mauzas(villages). Kutchery housed land-rent record office and thetreasury.Money for minor repairs of ahar-pynes was provided from the Kutchery.
If Any Person having more INFORMATION on TEKARI RAAJ , KINDLY mail me on

March 7, 2006, 8:07 pm
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  • BETTIAH (Raj)

    AREA: 4,724 km2

    ACCESSION: 1954
    STATE: Bihar
    RELIGION: Hindu / Bhumihar Brahmin


    PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The first ruler recieved the title of Raja from the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan (1628/1658). Rulers were…
    Raja UGRA SEN SINGH, a Jethoria Brahmin of the Kashyap gotra and founder of the state.
    Raja GAJ SINGH (son) 1659/1694, married and had issue. He died 1694.
    Raja DALIP SINGH (qv)
    Rajkumar Prithi Singh, married and had issue.
    Raja SRIKISHEN SINGH, 1st Raja of Sheohar(Bhumihar Zamindaars) in Muzaffarpur.
    Rajkumar Abdhut Singh, ancestor of the Zamindars of Madhubani in Darbhanga.
    Raja DALIP SINGH 1694/1715
    Raja DHRUB SINGH [Dhanpat Singh] (son) 1715/1762, married and had issue. He died spm 1762.
    Rajkumari Bonga Babui, married Raghunath Singh, a Bhumihar Brahmin of the Gautam gotra, and had issue.
    Rajkumari Chinga Babui
    Raja JUGAL KISHORE SINGH 1762/1783, rebelled against the British in 1765, and the state was taken under their management. Later restored to him in 1771. He died 1783.
    Raja BIR KISHORE SINGH (son) 1783/1816, married and had issue. He died 1816.
    Maharaja ANANDA KISHORE SINGH Bahadur (qv)
    Maharaja NAWAL KISHORE SINGH Bahadur (qv)
    Maharaja ANANDA KISHORE SINGH Bahadur 1816/1838, granted the title of Maharaja Bahadur for personal use only in 1830. He died sp 1838.
    Maharaja NAWAL KISHORE SINGH Bahadur 1838/1855, married and had issue. He died 1855.
    Maharajkumar Mahendra Kishore Singh
    Maharaja RAJENDRA KISHORE SINGH Bahadur 1855/1883
    Maharaja Sir HARENDRA KISHORE SINGH Bahadur (son) 1883/1893, born March 1854 (#1), Maharaja Bahadur [cr.1884], K.C.I.E. [cr.1888], married 1stly, Maharani Sheo Ratna Kuwar, died 24th March 1896, married 2ndly, 1893 Maharani Janki Kuwar, born 1870, died 27th November 1954. He died sp 26th March 1893.
    Maharani Sheo Ratna Kuwar 1893/1896, died 24th March 1896.
    Maharan Janaki Kuwar 1896/1897, born 1870, a Bhumihar Brahmin Princess of Seohar, unable to manage the estate, which was taken over by the Court of Wards till her death, whereupon it escheated to the state. She died sp 27th November 1954.

He is known as KING MAHENDRA , a TRUE KING , Dr. Mahendra Prasad
March 3, 2006, 1:35 pm
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Father’s Name : Late Shri Baliram Sharma
Mother’s Name :Late Shrimati Muluk Rani Devi
Date of Birth :8 January 1940
Place of Birth :Village Govindpur, Distt. Jehanabad (Bihar)

Educational Qualifications :
Graduation with Honours in Economics Educated at Middle School and High School, Okari and Patna College, Patna University
Profession :
Environmentalist, Horticulturist, Economist, Agriculturist, Political and Social Worker
Permanent Address :
(i) Vill. Govindpur, P.O. Modanganj, P.S. Ghoshi, Distt. Jehanabad ( Bihar ) (ii) 67, Patliputra Colony, Patna (Bihar).
Present Address :
4, Safdarjung Lane, New Delhi. 110011 Tel. – 23794441, 23013545, Fax 23012299,
Positions Held :

1980-84 Member, Seventh Lok Sabha

1980-94 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
1983-84 Member and Convener, Committee on Finance Jan.
1985 Elected to Rajya Sabha July 1986 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha
1986-87 Member, Committee on Rules, Rajya Sabha
1991-92 Member, Committee on Fertilizers and Chemicals
Feb. 1992 and Oct. 1993 Elected Vice-Chairman, Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development in Japan and Malaysia (re-elected unanimously for three years) Aug. 1993 Nominated to Rajya Sabha
1993-94 Member, Committee on Finance
April 2000 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha
May 2000 onwards Member, Informal Consultative Committee for Eastern Railway
May 2000 – Feb. 2004 Permanent Special Invitee, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Finance Member, Sub-Committee-II of Committee on External Affairs Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
May 2000 – Feb. 2004 Member, Committee on External Affairs and Aug. 2004 onwards Nov. 2000 onwards Member, Governing Body of the Indian Council of Medical Research Oct. 2004 onwards Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers and Ministry of Steel

Social and Cultural Activities, Literary, Artistic and Scientific Accomplishments and other Special Interests :

Sports, Clubs, Favourite Pastimes and Recreation :
Was accorded the title of ‘Atlantis Submariner’ on 31 August 2002 by the Atlantis Submarine, Bridgetown, Barbados, West Indies for diving into the Caribbean sea to the depth of 173 feet; Member, (i) India International Centre, New Delhi and (ii) India Habitat Centre, New Delhi; Life Member (Playing Rights), (i) D.D.A. Qutab Golf Course, New Delhi and (ii) Patna Golf Club, Patna; reading and gardening (won first prizes for maintaining the best house garden in Delhi continuously for sixteen years from 1982 to 1997
Countries Visited :

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda (thrice), Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia (seven times), Austria (six times), Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados (four times), Belarus, Belgium (twice), Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil (twice), Bulgaria (twice), Cambodia, Canada (thrice), Chile, China (five times), Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic (twice – once during the erstwhile Czechoslovakia), Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea (North Korea), Denmark, Democratic Republic of Congo-Kinshasa (twice), Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt (twice), El Salvador (thrice), Estonia, Ethiopia (thrice), Fiji, Finland (twice), France (nine times), Georgia, Germany (eleven times – including East Germany once), Ghana, Greece (twice), Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hondurus, Hong Kong (ten times – both when it was under British control and now when it is a part of China), Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia (five times), Iran, Iraq, Ireland (twice), Israel, Italy (four times), Jamaica(twice), Japan (four times), Jordan, Kazakhstan (twice), Kenya (thrice), Kiribati, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia (twice – once when it was part of the USSR), Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg (twice), Macau (Chinese territory under Portuguese control), Macedonia, Madagascar, Maldives, Malaysia (thrice), Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico (four times), Moldova (twice), Mongolia, Monaco, Montserrat, Morocco (thrice), Mozambique (twice), Myanmar (Burma), Namibia, Nauru, Negara Brunei Darussalam, Nepal (five times), the Netherlands (thrice), New Zealand (three times), Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan (twice), Palestine, Panama (twice), Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland (twice), Portugal, Qatar (twice), Republic of Congo-Brazzaville, Republic of Korea (South Korea – four times), Republic of Yemen, Reunion, Romania, Russian Federation (six times – twice during erstwhile USSR), Rwanda, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal (twice), Seychelles, Singapore (sixteen times), Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands (twice), South Africa (nine times), Spain (three times), Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland (thrice), St. Christopher (St. Kitts) & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & The Grenadines, Syrian Arab Republic, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand (eight times), Trinidad & Tobago (twice), Tonga, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan (thrice), Ukraine (twice – once during the erstwhile USSR), U.A.E. (thirteen times), Uganda, U.K. (twenty-eight times), U.S.A. (seven times), Uruguay, Uzbekistan (twice), Vanuatu, Vatican City (twice), Venezuela, Vietnam (thrice), Yugoslavia, Zambia and Zimbabwe; has visited (i) 84 countries in a full year, i.e., between 9 April 2002 and 8 April 2003 and (ii) 64 countries in a calendar year, i.e., between 27 January 2002 and 28 December 2002
Other Information :

Founder, B.B.M. Inter and Degree College at Okari, Jehanabad, Bihar, a rural and most backward area of Bihar, to promote higher education among the poor, underprivileged and especially girls who cannot go to cities for higher education; Congress Party Observer during Punjab elections to Amritsar Parliamentary Constituency in September 1985 where in Batala he narrowly escaped death when his car was blasted by a powerful magnetic time bomb planted by terrorists; holds the Limca Book of Records 2004 as the most travelled person after having visited 163 countries Led, (i) Parliamentary Delegation to Hanoi (Vietnam) to attend Executive Committee Meeting of Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development held on 24 February 1993 and the 9th Meeting of Asian Population and Development Association of Japan on 25 and 26 February 1993, (ii) Parliamentary Delegation of All Parties to Vietnam on invitation from the Chairman of Social Affairs Committee of Vietnamese Parliament and Government in September 1993, (iii) delegation to a meeting with the Chairman, Standing Committee of Cambodian Parliament (which drafted the Constitution of Cambodia), (iv) Multi-Party Parliamentary Delegation to Malaysia to attend the 4th General Assembly of Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development in October 1993, (v) Parliamentary Delegation to Beijing to attend the 10th Meeting of Asian Population and Development Association of Japan on 2 March 1994 and also attended the Executive Committee Meeting of Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development on 3 and 4 March 1994, (vi) Parliamentary Delegation to D.P.R. Korea (North Korea) from 5 -7 March 1994, (vii) Parliamentary Delegation to U.N.O., New York to attend Preparatory Committee Meeting of International Conference on Population and Development in April 1994, (viii) Multi-Party Parliamentary Delegation to Japan on invitation of Asian Population and Development Association of Members of Parliament of Japan from 21 – 29 May 1994 and (ix) Parliamentary Delegation to attend International Conference of Parliamentarians on Population and Development in Cairo (Egypt) and was also a Member of Indian Delegation to the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in September 1994, where he also attended Executive Committee Meeting of Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development Member, (i) Indian Parliamentary Delegation to the Parliament of European Community (now European Union) at Strasbourg (France), Kuwait, Greece, Belgium and the Netherlands in June 1983, Australia and Singapore in May-June 1984 and Soviet Union, Latvia and Ukraine in May 1988, (ii) All Party Indian Delegation to China at the invitation of Chinese Parliamentary Forum on Population and Development in June, 1985 and All Party Delegation of Indian Association of Parliamentarians on Population and Development to China in September 1991, (iii) Delegation of Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development to Indonesia in October, 1986 and in June 1987, Thailand in February 1987 and China in September 1987, (iv) Parliamentarians Action for Removal of Apartheid Delegation to West Germany, France, the Netherlands, Sweden and Norway in May 1987, (v) Conference of Global Forum on Environment and Development held in Moscow from 13-23 January 1990, (vi) Delegation to Havana (Cuba) to attend “International Meeting of Solidarity with Cuba”, from 21-22 November 1994, (vii) Indian Parliamentary Delegation to the 55th regular session of the United Nations General Assembly held at New York (U.S.A.) in the year 2000, (viii) Special Indian Parliamentary Delegation to South Africa, Nigeria and Senegal from 26th January 2002 to 7th February, 2002 to put forward India’s concern on cross border terrorism and the prevailing situation between India and Pakistan, (ix) All India Congress Committee (I) from 1991-2000, (x) Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee (I) from 1991-2000, (xi) Bharat Krishak Samaj (Life Member), (xii) Governing Body, Institute Body, Selection Committee and Finance Committee of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, and Chairman of its Grievance Committee and Estate Committee between 1980 & 1994, (xiii) National Geographic Society, Washington D.C., U.S.A., (xiv) American Management Association International, New York, U.S.A., (April 1999 to March 2000), (xv) Parliamentarians for Global Action (P.G.A.), (xvi) World Bank Parliamentary Network for International Development (PNID), (xvii) Indian Parliamentary Group (Life Member), (xviii) Indo-German Parliamentarians Forum, (xix) Indo-Hellenic Parliamentarians Group, (xx) Indo-US Parliamentary Forum, (xxi) Indo-British Parliamentary Forum and (xxii) Life Member of Parliamentary Forum on HIV-AIDS Went on Study Tour to U.S.A. and Canada in June 1976, Denmark, Switzerland, Italy, Vatican City, Egypt, U.K. and U.A.E. in June 1983, Thailand and Hong Kong in May-June 1984, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Singapore in June 1985, Singapore, Philippines and South Korea in October, 1986, South Korea and Hong Kong in February-March 1987, United Kingdom in May 1987, Singapore and Malaysia in June 1987, Hong Kong and Japan in September-October 1987, Hong Kong and Singapore in October, 1987, Ethiopia and Kenya in December 1987, Ethiopia in March 1988, Austria, Spain and Portugal in April 1988, West Germany, Finland, Belgium and Luxembourg in May-June 1988, U.A.E. in June 1988, Nepal in August 1988, Hong Kong in October 1989, Czechoslovakia in January 1990, Bhutan in September-October 1990, New Zealand and Singapore in October 1990, Thailand in December 1990, Maldives in January 1991, Bangladesh and Thailand in February 1991, Mauritius and Reunion in July 1991, West Germany, Brazil, Jamaica, Panama, Canada, U.S.A and East Germany in August 1991, Burma (Myanmar) in September 1991, Thailand and Vietnam in October 1991, Hong Kong in February-March 1992, Singapore in August 1992, Thailand and Laos in February 1993, Thailand in September 1993, Sri Lanka, Brunei and Singapore in October-November 1993, Pakistan in January 1994, Hong Kong in March 1994, Ireland in April 1994, China, Mongolia and Hong Kong in May-June 1994, Nepal in June 1994, Bahrain, Qatar (twice) and Saudi Arabia in September 1994, Singapore in November 1994, Spain, Venezuela and U.S.A. in November 1994, Oman in September 1995, Republic of Yemen in December 1996, Nepal in December 1997, Turkey, Lebanon and U.A.E. in September 1998, Macao, Jordan, Hong Kong, Palestine and Israel in November 1998, Cyprus in November-December 1998, United Kingdom in December 1998, Nepal in January 1999, Liechtenstein, Hungary and Poland in May 1999, Albania and Austria (twice) in October 1999, U.A.E., Malta and Iceland in October-November 1999, Austria, Slovakia, San Marino, Kosovo, Vatican City and Italy in May-June 2000, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in July 2000, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in August-September 2000, United Kingdom, Chile, Argentina and France in October 2000 and Andorra, Monaco, France and Spain in November 2000; United Kingdom (twice), Peru, Ecuador and Colombia in June, 2001, Belarus in September, 2001, Intermediate Study Tour to Poland on 1 October, 2001; Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia in October, 2001, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Fiji and Singapore in November 2001, Intermediate Study Tour to Australia on 9 November 2001, U.A.E. on 27 January 2002; Bulgaria, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina and Slovenia in April 2002; Intermediate Study Tour to Austria on 10 April 2002 and Germany on 18 April 2002; Moldova in May 2002; Intermediate Study Tour to France on 9 May 2002; Germany on 12 May and 14 May 2002; Ukraine in June 2002 and Intermediate Study Tour to Russia on 3 June 2002 and Tunisia in June 2002; Study Tour to Turkmenistan, Armenia and U.A.E. in July 2002; Afghanistan in August 2002; Intermediate Study Tour to U.A.E. on 6 August 2002; U.K. (twice), Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Suriname, Barbados in August – September, 2002; Turkmenistan, Georgia in September 2002 and Intermediate Study Tour to Russia on 24 September 2002; Bahamas, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and U.K. in October 2002 and Intermediate Study Tour to Brazil on 12 October 2002 – participated in the IXth Summit of Directors’ National Programme of Rabies Control in Latin America, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia on 7 October 2002; participated in IIIrd Paraguan Congress of Anesthesiology held at Hotel Excelsior, Asuncion, Paraguay on 10 October 2002; U.K. (twice), Trinidad & Tobago, Grenada, Antigua, Dominica in the month of November 2002 and Intermediate Study Tour to Barbados on 14 November 2002; Singapore, Indonesia, East Timor in November-December, 2002 and Intermediate Study Tour to Indonesia on 1 December 2002; U.A.E. (twice), Uganda, Mozambique (twice), Swaziland in December, 2002 and Intermediate Study Tour to South Africa on 26 December 2002; Nepal in January 2003; U.A.E. (twice), Kenya, Seychelles, South Africa (twice), Namibia and Madagascar in January-February 2003 and Intermediate Study Tour to Johannesburg, South Africa on 31 January 2003; Morocco and Italy in March 2003 and Intermediate Study Tour to U.A.E. from 10-11 March 2003; U.K. (twice), Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica in March-April 2003; Ghana, Cote D’Ivoire, Morocco, Germany in September 2003; business tour to U.K. in September 2003; Study Tour to South Africa (twice), Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo-Kinshasa (twice), Republic of Congo-Brazzaville, Lesotho, Botswana and U.A.E. in September-October 2003 and Intermediate Study Tour to South Africa (twice) on 2 October 2003 and 4 October 2003; Luxembourg, St. Vincent & The Grenadines, St. Lucia, St. Christopher (St. Kitts) & Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda (twice), Montserrat in October-November 2003; Intermediate Study Tour to Barbados on 1 November 2003 and 9 November 2003; Business Tour to U.K in October 2003 and November 2003; Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, El Salvador (twice), Belize in February 2004 and Business Tour to U.K. in February 2004 and March 2004; Intermediate Study Tour to Germany on 14 February 2004, to Panama on 24 February 2004; Mexico on 27 February 2004; U.K. in July 2004, Intermediate Study Tour to Germany and Austria on 2 July 2004; Singapore (twice), Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Zealand, Tonga, Australia in August 2004; Intermediate Study Tour to Australia on 3 August 2004; Ethiopia in August-September 2004, Rwanda in September 2004, Intermediate Study Tour to Kenya on 5 September 2004, United Kingdom (twice), France, Mali, Mauritania and Niger in October-November 2004; Intermediate Study Tour to U.A.E on 23 October 2004, Senegal on 1 November 2004 and Morocco on 4 November 2004; Singapore (twice), Australia (twice), Nauru, Kiribati in November-December 2004; Intermediate Study Tour to Solomon Islands on 29 November 2004 and Marshall Islands on 3 December 2004; U.K. (twice) in May-June 2005 and France in June 2005 and Ireland and U.K. (twice) in October 2005 Visited, (i) Tanzania to attend the 75th Anniversary of African National Congress in December 1987, (ii) Zambia and Zimbabwe to attend the meeting of the Association of West European Parliamentarians for Action against Apartheid in March 1988, (iii) Oxford (England) to attend the Global Conference of Spiritual and Parliamentary Leaders on Human Survival in April 1988, (iv) Bangkok (Thailand) to attend the 3rd General Assembly of Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development in October 1990, (v) Seoul (South Korea) to attend the meeting of the Asian Population and Development Association in February 1991, (vi) Tokyo (Japan) to attend the meeting of Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development in February 1992, (vii) Bali (Indonesia) to attend the Fourth Asian Pacific Population Conference in August 1992, (viii) Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) to attend the International Conference of Asian Parliamentarians on Environment and Sustainable Development in November 1994, (ix) Damascus International Trade Fair, Damascus (Syria) from 7-9 September 1998, (x) Tehran International Trade Fair, Tehran (Iran) from 3-4 October 1998, (xi) Baghdad International Trade Fair, Baghdad (Iraq) from 4-5 November 1998, (xii) Taipei International Medical & Pharmaceutical Fair, Taiwan from 14-15 November 1998, (xiii) C.Ph.I. (Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Ingredients) Trade Fair, Amsterdam (the Netherlands) from 2-4 December 1998, (xiv) T.T.T.F. International Trade Fair, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 12-14 March 1999, (xv) Clock & Watch International Trade Fair, Basel (Switzerland) on 2 May 1999, (xvi) T.I.B.C.O. International Trade Fair, Bucharest (Romania), 25-27 May 1999, (xvii) International Trade Fair GALENIA (on pharmaceuticals) held at Plovdiv (Bulgaria), 19-20 October 1999, (xviii) C.Ph.I. Trade Fair, Frankfurt (Germany), 2-4 November 1999, (xix) International Exhibition of Equipment & Instrument for Medicine & Pharmaceutical Industry “MEDIPHARM” held at Belgrade (Yugoslavia), 31 May – 3 June 2000 and also visited Kosovo, (xx) Leon (Mexico) from 3-4 October, 2000 in connection with International Trade Show for Medical Products, Equipment Services “HOSPIMEDICA MEXICO”, (xxi) C.Ph.I. (Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Ingredients) Trade Fair, Milan (Itlay) from 7-9 November 2000, (xxii) Washington (U.S.A.) as a Member of FICCI Delegation to attend the Indo-US Business Meet and US-India Business Council’s Annual General Meeting from 17-20 June 2001, (xxiii) World Food, International Fair for Foodstuff Industry, Moscow (Russia) from 26-28 September 2001, (xxiv) C.Ph.I. (Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Ingredients) Trade Fair, London (U.K.) from 8-9 October 2001, (xxv) International Exhibition CIA 2001 (ChemAsia 2001, Instrument Asia 2001 and AnaLabAsia 2001), Singapore from 1-2 November 2001, (xxvi) International Fair “MEDICINE 2002” on medical and pharmaceuticals equipment, skopje (Macedonia) from 10-12 April 2002, (xxvii) Berne (Switzerland) to attend the Third Annual Conference of Parliamentary Network on World bank from 9-11 May 2002, (xxviii) Prague (Czech Republic) on a Business Delegation from 26-29 May, 2002, (xxix) International Dental Exhibition & Conference – STOMATOLOGY-2002 at Len Expo, St. Petersburg (Russia) from 29 May 2002 to 1 June 2002 and (xxx) Algiers (Algeria) from 15 – 17 June 2002 and Tripoli (Libya) from 18-19 June 2002 as a Member of FICCI Delegation, (xxxi) Algiers International Trade Fair (held from 12-24 June 2002) on 17 June 2002 at Algiers (Algeria), (xxxii) Miami, Florida (U.S.A.) in connection with Florida International Medical Expo held from 21-22 August 2002 at Miami Beach Convention Centre, Florida, U.S.A., (xxxiii) Baku (Azerbaijan) in connection with Baku International Healthcare Exhibition-BIHE-2002 on 21 September 2002, (xxxiv) C.Ph.I. (Chemical and Pharmaceuticals Ingredients) Trade Fair, Ville-Pinte, Paris, France from 1-3 October 2002, (xxxv) Ottawa (Canada) to attend the 24th Annual Parliamentary Forum of Parliamentarians for Global Action (P.G.A.) from 4-6 November 2002, (xxxvi) Khartoum International Fair at Khartoum, Sudan from 20-21 January 2003, (xxxvii) Athens (Greece) to attend the 4th Annual Conference of Parliamentary Network on World Bank from 9-10 March 2003; (xxxviii) Mexico City (Mexico) to attend Expo AFM, International Pharmaceuticals Exihibition held at World Trade Centre, Mexico City from 25-28 March 2003; (xxxix) C.Ph.I. (Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ingredients) Trade Fair, Messe Frankfurt, Germany from 27-28 October 2003, (xl) Paris (France) to attend the 5th Annual Conference of Parliamentary Network on World Bank from 14 – 16 February 2004; (xli) Chisinau, Moldova from 2 – 5 July 2004 wherein State Medical and Pharmaceutical University “Nicolae Testemitanu” conferred the title of “Doctor Honoris Causa” (Honorary Degree of Doctorate) on 3 July 2004; (xlii) Wellington (New Zealand) to attend the Parliamentarians for Global Action (PGA) III Session of the “Consultative Assembly of Parliamentarians for the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Rule of Law” held between 6 & 7 December 2004 hosted by the Parliament of New Zealand, (xliii) Islamabad (Pakistan) to attend the PGA Sub-Regional South Asian Parliamentary Seminar on HIV/AIDS organized by Parliamentarians for Global Action in collaboration with National Assembly and Senate of Pakistan on January 14-15, 2005 and (xliv) Helsinki (Finland) to attend 6th Annual Conference of Parliamentary Network on World Bank from 21st to 23rd October 2005